Archive for August 2011

Engaging Imagination in Worship

August 30, 2011

Does worship in your church engage people’s imagination?

Let’s look at what a Wikipedia article has to say about imagination:

Imagination, also called the faculty of imagining, is the ability of forming mental images, sensations and concepts, in a moment when they are not perceived through sight, hearing or other senses. Imagination is the work of the mind that helps create. Imagination helps provide meaning to experience and understanding to knowledge; it is a fundamental facility through which people make sense of the world.

 

That certainly sounds like something that needs to be involved in the worship of God as we seek to help people make sense of the world.  And after all, when we worship a God Who is Three in One, Who we cannot physically see, and Who saves our soul which we cannot see, and when we are promised an eternal life we have not yet reached and have not yet seen, it seems imagination may be paramount in our worship and communion with a “God who is spirit, and those who worship him must worship in Spirit.” (John 4)

One of the challenges of the free church worship environment is that we who are charged with crafting those services may fall prey to one of two inclinations; to lack creativity and thus to engage the imagination of the worshiper very little, or to go over the top whereby over-stimulating the imagination (or trying) is wrapped in novelty, thus shifting the controlling point of worship where it becomes more about enticing the worshiper than it is about engaging with the Triune God and bringing ultimate glory to Him.  Either of these excesses are problematic and become distracting for the worshiper not to mention their awkward theological implications.  Several things are at issue including the challenge of planning worship in the free church in the first place – having little if any set framework for the worship conversation can pose a challenge when the worship planner’s mind wanders, or when he/she strains to find an idea.  This problem brings up a root issue which is a lack of biblical worship education (for planners and members of the congregation).  There seems to be a prevalent mindset that worship is a free landscape just waiting for a bunch of innovative ideas to be planted with the endgame objective being to inspire the worshiper/attender.  Another issue in many instances seems to be an inadequate understanding of the use of art in worship, including music.  I recently heard a good reminder that creative is not something you do, but rather how you do something.

Art engages the human imagination.  Seems to me this God-given trait in humans participates in connecting the seen to the unseen.  In fact, we do not feel, taste, touch, hear, or see God in a physical sense, yet we speak of all of these senses as characteristic indications of our connection to Him.  Can we trust that the God Who placed the imagination in the minds of humans will speak to that imagination through artistic expressions we might employ?

Our guide and foundational boundary related to art in worship is scripture.  Worship leaders need to be diligent students of the Word in these matters.  The Bible will both stir our own imaginations and help us as we try to facilitate worship through appropriate art forms that help worshipers engage through mind and spirit.  After all the writer of Hebrews himself called faith “the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of the things not seen.” (Heb 11:1)

Worship music leaders you have tools and skills applicable to consideration of how to engage worshipers’ imaginations through the arts.  In fact, you use imagery all the time in teaching music; singing or playing.  It comes with the territory.  I encourage you to consider how you are applying or should apply some of those same tools in helping the congregation worship as imagination is employed when we envision a God the Father Almighty, Who created heaven and earth; and His only Son Jesus Christ our Lord, who was crucified, buried and rose from the dead, ascended into heaven where He sits at the right hand of the Father Almighty, and from which He will come to judge the living and the dead.  Consider how you can employ the arts to foster availability and sensitivity to the Holy Spirit, connection to the Church, the communion of the saints, and lives forgiven and forgiving of sins, faithing resurrection of the body, and life everlasting.

Lost in Wonder, Love, and Grace,

Paul

Greatest Song of All

August 24, 2011

This post is a pretty personal transparent reflection on experiences of last weekend.  Those who regularly read the column who are expecting more objective fair may be disappointed in the content.  I welcome your response, but beg your indulgence with my attempt to describe experiences in which I sensed the Spirit at work.

 

Last weekend I was privileged to lead a mass choir from a Baptist regional association in West Tennessee in a Saturday rehearsal and a Sunday evening service of music.  In addition I was invited to preach Sunday morning at a church where my longtime friend, Jackie Vaughan serves as Minister of Music.  I attended college with Jackie and his sweet wife, Amy.  I wrestled with whether to preach my one sermon that I have preached many times when conducting worship renewal through congregational singing conferences, or to develop and share something newer that the Lord had been working in my mind and spirit.  After much prayer and reflection I decided the latter is what the Lord would have me preach.

 

I was literally in the midst of preparing the message for Sunday when I received a call from J.V. (his monicker from college days).  He told me that Amy’s mother had passed away and the service would be Saturday.  Assured that nothing would change for my weekend schedule, we nevertheless exchanged commitments to pray for one another through the emotional challenges J.V. would face and certainly to be praying for Amy and the rest of her family.  That same morning I received a facebook message from a very close friend of my wife and mine whose husband’s memorial service I had performed and whose marriage to her current husband I had also performed.  They were planning to attend Sunday’s service to see and hear me.  I was moved by the confirmation of direction for Sunday’s message which proclaimed a song that echoes through history, the song of deliverance, the song of the redeemed and the Redeemer.  As I continued preparation for both Sunday sermon and associational choir responsibilities I was reminded that I was much more comfortable leading music than preaching, but was profoundly struck by the connections of the two and deeply stirred at God’s timing that was unfolding before me regarding the weekend.  Profoundly the Truth of God connects to the people of God.

 

On Saturday the choir began to arrive for rehearsal at the newly renovated First Baptist Church Dresden where the Sunday night concert would be held.  It is always a rich blessing to me to observe God’s people welcoming one another in those settings, especially when they are from different churches who do not regularly worship with each other, but their sense of community is evident, a phenomenon that honors Christ and bears witness to the love He instills in the hearts of His own.  As we were preparing to rehearse another college buddy and fraternity brother stepped up to me, Phil “Pipes” Rowlett.  I had forgotten that he lived in that area, but did recall that he had recently lost his wife to an aggressive cancer.  At dinner that followed the rehearsal we determined that instead of staying at a retreat center that night I would come and bunk at Pipes’ house, since he had room and we had not been able to visit for a number of years.  More pointedly, I could not help but ache for him in his loss and just wanted to be together for a little more time.

 

Sunday morning was a wonderful, though emotional, time.  Breakfast together with Pipes, J.V., and Amy at J.V.’s house stirred memories of “old times” and affections of Christian brotherhood that never grow old.  The Sunday morning service of worship was emotional as Amy played the piano through tears, J.V. and his daughter, Julie who sang in an ensemble struggled to sing through momentary pauses that can catch us in moments when the meaning of song lyrics impart the powerful impact that resides in them all the time, but become explosive when the application is so immediately intense.  The message that I shared, “The Greatest Song of All” proclaimed the song that echoes through all of scripture, the song of deliverance that brings glory to the Deliverer.  There were moments I had to pause to catch emotions since I had a strong sense of those present who had lost loved ones which included Amy, J.V., Julie, and the friend I mentioned earlier.  The service was a sweet time of worship with that church and following the service the day continued to prove rich in fellowship and emotional swings from knee slapping laughter to tearful hugs.  It was the Lord’s Day and His resurrection power seemed at work in making our lives new, even through celebration and sorrow with old friends.

 

Sunday night’s mass choir service of worship and praise was the proverbial icing on the cake.  Before the service began I saw several more friends from different aspects of my life, like a pastor, Keith Sumner from TBC committee work, and Don McCulley, pastor of the Dresden church and a man important to family as he has been pastor to my daughter-in-law and performed the wedding ceremony for my son and her.  Just before time to begin I received a tap on the back and subsequent brotherly hug from Kerry Stopher whose daughter, Brittany is like our own and who was like a second dad to our daughter, especially during the time the girls were roommates at Union.  Kerry, too, had lost his first wife, Brittany’s mom, and has remarried a lovely sweet lady who was with him for worship.

 

From beginning to end the service Sunday night rang out with the song of which I spoke Sunday morning and around which we gather every time we worship, the Gospel.  Those gathered, choir singers and congregation alike, seemed to clearly echo the song of heaven, beginning with Hallelujah! Praise the Lamb and continuing through the entire program.  Though I know we cannot judge motives for certain, but it really seemed to me that eruptions of applause were centered in expression of praise for He Who is Holy, Holy, Holy, and not just response to a performing choir of friends and relatives.  There was an unmistakable tone of victory and gratitude for Gospel truth at work in us all.  Songs like One Faith, One Hope, One Lord, and Settled at the Cross, and I Believe It All served as profound statements of faith.  Great Is Thy Faithfulness and Amazing Grace (My Chains are Gone) gave voice to grateful hearts in worship.

 

John Koessler has reminded us that “the biblical portrait of worship” moves in an opposite direction of what we often think.  He states “the trajectory of heavenly worship begins with God and descends to earth.”  The miracle of worship is Emmanuel!  Our God is with us!  To my sensibilities He seemed very much present Sunday, the Lord’s Day, in the settings in which I had privilege to worship.  His song of deliverance was very much alive.  After a lengthy and quite fun visit with Tommy Moore and son Josh (the fun part almost goes without saying), I drove home in a state of prayerful reflection.  I was praising the Lord for His Sovereignty in the timing of the weekend’s activities amidst times of heartache for people I love much and the opportunity to be present to share ministry and express love and concern.  The longer I reflected the stronger it hit me that this is what occurs every single week in our churches.  There are people every week who step into our houses of worship who desperately need to hear Gospel truth of God’s love and promise.  They need to be reminded of the work of our Savior.  The message is needed by those whose faith does not yet reside there and by those who need to be reminded that it is an eternal source of rest and peace as well as triumphant victory.  The song we sing, the song of deliverance, song of the redeemed and the Redeemer, echoes the song of Heaven where worship begins.  O that we would be spared the stress of putting on a production and rediscover the simple yet glorious joy of singing indicated in Rev 15:3 – “the song of Moses and of the Lamb.”

 

Hallelujah! Praise the Lamb!

Paul

Revisiting the Shelves

August 16, 2011

In preparation for several projects that range from student lectures, conferences for pastors and worship leaders to church consultations and even a couple of preaching engagements, I turned to some trusted friends to refresh my memory of important growth steps in my own journey of spiritual renewal in worship.  In looking over my library to find books that might have a fresh word or reminder regarding the dynamics of worship I ran across works that impacted my life powerfully and helped shape my mind and spirit regarding what it means to worship God.

 

One work was Warren Wiersbe’s book, Real Worship: It Will Transform Your Life (Nashville: Oliver & Nelson, 1986).  Wiersbe reflects a vibrant faith rooted in Who God is and what He has done.  He challenges notions of co-opting worship to some purpose other than bringing glory to God.  Wiersbe states, “Evangelism is an essential part of the church’s ministry, but it must be the result of worship, or it will not glorify God.”  He goes on to say, “missions must be a product of worship; otherwise it is only a new gimmick to motivate the church, and the motivation will not last.”  Powerful words among many other quotes and prophetic statements.  For instance, he quotes the former Archbishop of Canterbury, William Temple, who states:

 

For worship is the submission of all our nature to God.  It is the quickening of conscience by His holiness; the nourishment of mind with this truth; the purifying of imagination by His beauty; the opening of the heart to His love; the surrender of will to His purpose – and all of this gathered up in adoration, the most selfless emotion of which our nature is capable and therefore the chief remedy for that self-centeredness which is our original sin and the source of all actual sin.

William Temple, Readings in St. John’s Gospel (London: MacMillan and Co., 1939)

 

It was from Wiersbe’s book that I confirmed my belief that preaching was a critical piece of worship, not something separate.  If worship is “an engagement with God” as David Peterson calls it, or communion, or conversation as others reflect and is rooted in the rhythm of revelation and response, then surely preaching the Word of God is central to worship.  I recall reading Wiersbe’s book in my early days of ministry and recognizing that no matter what I thought of a particular preacher or his capacity to preach, the voice I was listening for was the Lord Himself.  Another great revelation for me from this book was the battle of worship.  Wiersbe quotes the great preacher Spurgeon to say, “In this Israel was not an example, but a type; we will not copy the chosen people in making literal war, but we will fulfill the emblem by carrying on spiritual war.” (The Treasury of David Vol 7, Baker Books 1977)  Imagine if our people really caught an understanding of their responsibility as the army of God praying passionately for the salvation of the world, squaring off with the enemy that would distract from the beauty and glory of God and would distort in any way he could the message of the Gospel of Jesus Christ.  In worship we battle.  This concept for me has grown immensely through the influence of Robert Webber and others who have helped paint in my mind a picture of worship that goes far beyond a quiet spiritual interaction with an inner voice to a battle of cosmic proportions where war is waged against all evil by a glorious God Who is all good. “Let the high praises of God be in their mouth, and a two-edged sword be in their hand.” (Ps 140:6)

 

Another book of soul-stirring awakening for me was written by one of my heroes, Dr. Don Hustad, my mentor and professor during days at Southern Baptist Theological Seminary.  The book is Jubilate: Church Music in Worship and Renewal along with its revised sequel Jubilate II.  I read the book prior to seminary days, but most of the proverbial lights that came on for me did so during those formative days at SBTS when I actually heard directly from this giant of Southern Baptist life.  The book and interaction with Hustad opened my eyes to the value of the form of worship in new ways.  Hustad opened the door of understanding the East and West divide in the church and stirred curiosity in my mind regarding how Baptist worship forms found roots in the practices of other faith traditions.  Knowing his history playing and consulting for the Billy Graham teams hastened my reading to find his reflections on congregational song and singing.  In Jubilate he does not mince words in these matters stating:

 

Congregational singing in evangelism offers many of the same opportunities that it affords in typical services of worship.  It allows believers to join in a united and unifying expression of their worship of God as well as of their common experiences in the life of faith.  It serves to proclaim the gospel to the uncommitted, as well as to witness to the experience which is available in Christ.  It demonstrates the love relationship of the children of God and tends to reach out with “arms of melody” to include those who are not already a part of the church.  To be sure, since the music (like the preaching) emphasizes the ultimate realities of human life, it is replete with emotional expression.  Though some will reject the validity of manipulation, none can deny the emotional impact of music in mass evangelism, especially in the songs of invitation.”

 

He goes on to recount great texts from a wide variety of hymn writers and modern composers and then recounts experiences such as those of the Welsh revivals where congregations broke into spontaneous song during preaching.  He notes how preachers were surprised to find themselves interrupted by an outbreak of song that “might continue for a prolonged period; sinners were moved to confession and faith more by spontaneous song than by prepared sermons.”

 

Just imagine.  The message of the Gospel so resonates in the hearts of God’s people that they burst into song out of joyous delight that echoes in their spirit reflecting the praises of heaven and revealing the deliverance of the worshipers who can no longer contain their unction to praise – all in response to the glorious truth of the message of deliverance.  When I think of such occurring in our day, I wonder who would be more nervous, the pastor whose prepared sermon is interrupted or the worship music leader who hears a song he did not select or for which he has no words to flash on the screen.  Would such unrestrained response be anathema to doing things “decently and in order” (1 Cor 14:40) or would it simply indicate a “new song” sung from the hearts of God’s people as the Holy Spirit manifests his presence?  Having been to Wales with our Tennessee Mens Chorale and having seen the tears in the eyes of the Welsh when singing great songs of faith that so many of them claimed helped them remember the work of God among them several decades earlier, makes me wonder what we are missing, and wonder if we are not overplanning worship.  I wonder how a people saved by the deliverance of Christ could have lost their capacity to sing and honestly declare,

 

I love to tell the story for those who know it best

seem hungering and thirsting to hear it like the rest.

 

I wonder if we have come to depend on the hook written in the music of our latest song to take the place of the unmistakable change evident in transformed lives. I wonder if we spend too much time searching for the latest and greatest means of novelty to enhance our worship, personally or corporately, when we might be better off revisiting (remembering) those high points in our spiritual journey when the Lord reminded us of His power to deliver and to shape us according to His purpose in Christ.

 

Perhaps it would be good for all of us to head to the bookshelves to pull back out books, sermons, music, and recordings of inspiration and formation that have spoken into our lives over the years to help us once again get in touch with our own salvation and deliverance and to pick up the sword to wage the battle of worship that never turns on our brothers and sisters, but rather joins them at arms to storm the gates of Hell proclaiming the greatness of God, the Victory of Jesus, and the testimony of presence in the Holy Spirit.

 

“No power of hell, no scheme of man can ever pluck me from His hand

Til he returns or calls me home, here in the power of Christ I stand.”

In Christ alone,

Paul

Heavenly Worship

August 15, 2011

Last Saturday during the closing worship of Tennessee Music Ministry Leadership Conference Travis Cottrell joked that Tennessee may not be Heaven, but “it is where God gets His mail.” We all got a good chuckle out of that, and I couldn’t help but think of my colleagues in surrounding states who I would be rib-poking if they had been present.  (I have great relationships with those guys and enjoy friendly competition among us – deep in their heart they know Tennessee is best. J)

 

Kidding aside, our worship gatherings at TMMLC were in fact a little taste of heaven!  Friday night’s worship was no doubt one of the most powerful worship experiences in my eleven plus years in my role with the convention.  I was speechless to respond to people when greeted in the hall on my way to teach the first conference session with pastors and worship pastors.  I have since been assessing some of the elements of the worship that contributed to its profound impact (that has filled my email box with responses from conferees, by the way).  Here are some critical components to chew on as you plan weekly worship:

 

  • ·         The service was bathed in prayer.  Through all the preparation from enlisting musicians to choosing songs to checking notes with the preacher, Justin Wainscott, there was an intense prayer that the Spirit would speak to hearts and be free to work among His servants.  He answered.
  • ·         The service was drenched in scripture.  My class of pastors and worship pastors could not think of the last time they heard two complete chapters of scripture read aloud in worship.  Lord, help us trust the power of Your Word more than what we have to say or sing about it.  As Justin began to read Revelations 4 and 5, I was awestruck with the picture of Heaven and John’s vision of what was happening there.  It so connected the present reality of 600 musicians gathered to strengthen preparation for ministry with the worship of Heaven and the gathering of all the saints and heavenly beings.  I had a sense that my own dad, grandparents and loved ones were in that worship gathering, (we had sung All Hail the Power of Jesus’ Name at Dad’s memorial service in fact) and knew we would soon sing No More Night, which I had conducted last at the memorial service for former Union University Music Department chair and beloved Tennessee Baptist musician, Ken Hartley – “Doc.” 
  • ·         The service was dripping with sweet fellowship of the gathered.  One of my favorite aspects of MMLC is observing people’s entrance into the building and/or worship center as they see and greet one another.  I do not think that sweet unity is just based on musical connection, but rather celebrates the likemindedness of people deeply desiring to meet with God and allow His Spirit to bring healing refreshment, significant renewal.
  • ·         The service was soaked with the Gospel.  From the joyous opening anthem reminder from the Psalms and the pen of Mary McDonald to Sing! And Be Not Silent, which remembers the testimony of God’s people, “Thou hast turned my mourning into dancing,” to the emotional recollection of two years previously when Claire Dickerson was struck by a car while walking to school, now standing before us to testify that God is mighty to save!  The theme of Good News continued through the resonant celebration that Travis led us in with his victorious declaration that Jesus Saves!  Wow!  Thanks be to God!
  • ·         The service flooded my emotions and obviously that of many others as tears freely flowed as Justin’s sermon crescendo led us to gaze again upon the Lamb Who was slain and sits upon His heavenly throne surrounded by throngs of worshipers.  I thought the choir (TLC/TMC – and their conductor and instrumentalists) would surely burst before we could release the praise building up inside, knowing we would be singing a dramatic picture of the place being described where there is “No more night. No more pain.”  Oh my!  I still hear the powerful sound in my mind’s ear.  God bless you ladies and gentlemen of TLC and TMC.  You helped a bit of heaven to be reflected on earth Friday night!

 

You may wonder about those water verbs, bathed, drenched, dripping, soaked, and flooded. Well, we are Baptists after all.  I believe in the baptism of the Holy Spirit that leads us not to some unintelligible ecstatic state, but fills our imaginations with a glimpse of Heaven and our hearts with profound love for God in Christ and for one another, and compels us to reach our world for our Savior to God’s glory.

 

I realize that the above description is that of an experience in worship.  The ultimate end of worship is not our experience, but rather God’s glory displayed in the Truth of the Gospel.  I pray that in some way the Lord might use this feeble attempt to describe Friday’s experience to stir something among us – for those who were present, a remembrance of the Lord’s grace gift to be in our midst, and for those not present last Friday, a desire to baptize your own worship planning and preparation in prayer and scripture that the people of God in your place might live lives as Rorbert Webber says, “living in our baptism” – a people buried with Christ, raised to walk in newness of life.

 

In Christ alone,

Paul

Overcoming Ministerial Burnout

August 2, 2011

   Worship music leaders, are “blue Mondays” becoming more frequent in your experience?  Is your favorite time of the week Sunday night as you complete the day’s activities and brush your brow, just grateful that it will be seven days before you have to face another Sunday?  Have you lost your enthusiasm for rehearsals, long-term ministry programming and planning, special seasonal music presentations, worship preparation, and/or leading your congregation in weekly worship?  Have you given up on fostering musical and spiritual growth in children and youth of your church?

 

All of these questions have a negative, even depressing sense about them.  I know because it seems to me that in the last few months I feel like I am running into these issues more and more frequently among our worship and music ministers and other musicians in the church.  I have heard it from people who have been serving for many years, but I have also heard it from a few who are still young and have not been in ministry all that long.  Some people have told me they are just worn out.  Recently I have become personally aware of several worship music ministers who have been relieved of their position, have stepped down for personal reasons, or have been placed on notice by their pastor or personnel committee to find another place of service with time parameters attached to the “request.”  I have the unique luxury of processing these issues while driving from appointment to appointment, while engaged in my own time of private prayer and meditation, or in counsel with other ministers in whom I have confidence.  As I have been reading the Bible thru again this year, I have found myself keenly alert to passages that might apply to individual situations in which our worship pastors find themselves.  My prayer is often, “Lord, you called them, you gifted and equipped them.  They have been faithful in their ministry.  Please help them through this time, and help me know how You might use me to encourage their spirit.”

 

It seems to me most worship music ministers face limited options when experiencing this ministerial burnout, regardless of the source of that condition.  I presume that any decision path would be undertaken in a prayerful and thoughtful manner.  We will look at ways of the minister staying in his/her current situation in the next paragraphs.  Meanwhile, one option is to consider other church fields.  A common question I hear is, “Do you think the Lord is through with me where I am?” or “Are there places where the atmosphere is different and my abilities and personality would be a better fit?”  This option in today’s environment seems particular tough for worship pastors who are in their 50’s or above, and for those who have limited experience or education.  Another option is to consider another career field or ministry avenue.  Music ministers with degrees in Church Music or theology usually find it difficult to break in to secular fields and even when they do so often find such work unsatisfying given the special nature of their training.  I would say that those who have found other ministry paths have been more successful in sustaining their service, since the core fundamentals and motivation for their work is still rooted in a love for Christ and His church.

 

The “staying put” option is the one I have perhaps spent the most time praying over and doing what I call “mulling.”  I have mulled over reasons that such an emotionally charged role as music minister would find its ministers burning out.  After all, I have responsibility to the music minister and to the church and hope to see the best for both.  Most music ministers I know started with charged enthusiasm and spirited determination.  Where did the enthusiasm go?  In praying and observing I have known that profound effect (positive or negative) on a music leader can come through their pastor, other staff members,  groups of people, church dynamics, and other variables .  Rather than dwell on the “why’s” I want to redirect our attention to ways music ministers can be transformed and discover renewed vitality in their work.

 

One avenue toward transformation may include the minister of music “reinventing himself/herself.”  If you know me at all, you know I am not talking about spiking hair and taking up rock guitar.  Rather, I am talking about a rediscovery of core values, updated assessment of abilities, honing of communication skills, and exposure to different ways of reflecting theological and spiritual foundations.  The TBC has some helps in these areas.  Another means of rejuvenation for those worship pastors who have lengthy experience is to revisit the hard but gratifying work of training up the next generation of worship leaders.  I know of worship pastors who do this very well.  While some may have the financial means to hire young assistants and mentor them in that manner, others are having profound effect through established programs like youth and college choirs and ensembles, or through a mentoring program.  Some seasoned music ministers have participated in Tennessee Mens Chorale and have purposed to connect with a younger minister as a means of investing in upcoming generations.  I know folks who are giving themselves away to a college student and finding great joy in observation of what is happening in that young man or woman’s life of ministry development.  I believe nothing can inspire your own love for ministry like sharing that love with someone you know is watching you.  One way to enhance your own effectiveness is to multiply yourself into next generations of leaders.  You don’t become younger, but your influence becomes felt more strongly in those younger age groups.  It can be first hand observation of the Lord “making all things new.”

 

I am convinced that the Lord knows where you are in your journey and He cares.  As tough as the work may become there is hope in the One Who called us to it.  It is a blessing to share your journey and to seek to facilitate networks of inspiration.  Part of my own calling is to stand with you.

 

“Til the church is built and the earth is filled with His glory,”

Paul

 

 


Rob Moll, Author

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